Home based fish farms can be profitable and sustainable considering the fact that you can raise your own fish without using any antibiotics, chemicals, or synthetic products. If you are raising fish in an indoor container or swimming pool your fish are safer from germs or natural predators, and can be monitored for parasites, infections, and disease.
Raising your own fish in your own pond also has a major benefit of connecting with the environment. Your backyard pond or garden pond could become the center of attraction for your house, where you and your family could gather around, have a cookout, or just enjoy a relaxing evening by your pond, feeling the tranquility that you can only get form a body of water, while you watch your fish swim around.
You can easily raise fish in your backyard pond all year round if you know what type of fish is best for your area. You also need to decide what size pond you want to have, which is dependent on the size of your yard, the type of fish, and number of fish you wish to raise.
Trout can be a good fish to farm in your backyard pond if you want to raise it commercially. Trout could easily make a healthy dinner for your family, or you could sell it for a profit to local grocery stores or farmers’ markets for a steady income all year round.
Home grown rainbow trout
The majority of the rainbow trout available in the market today is raised in a commercial farm. Since 1900, the aquaculture fish farming has been recognized as a viable method of farming in small-scale, home based farms. There have been several advancements in the growing, raising, and farming practices of commercial trout farms since the beginning of trout farming. The taste and texture of the farmed fish is similar to wild-caught fish. Also, aquaculture fish farms and hatcheries have been able to preserve wild fish stocks and help to prevent making trout a rare or endangered species; many different fish species have come close to facing extinction as a result of over fishing.
Trout is a cold water fish, and grows fast if you take care of it. They are also highly resilient. During the fry stage, they prefer the temperature to be between 32-80 degrees, and later on, they can survive in a minimum temperature of 41 degrees. Trout is a fresh water fish, and need a constant supply of fresh, circulating water; a high quality flow of fresh water is preferred for trout farming. A regular and safe disposal of waste and cleaning of water is also needed regularly, or there might be risk of bacteria and fungus growth.
Feeding your trout
You need to feed your trout in your containers, aquariums, fish tanks, or backyard ponds, because there is not enough natural supply of food in aquaculture fish systems. Feeding trout can be a difficult job when you’re first starting out. It’s hard to know how much is too much, and how much is not enough. Floating feed is the best food for your trout. Both underfeeding and overfeeding can be dangerous to the fish (Source: Trout Feeding | www.troutintheclassroom.org ) so it’s important to feed your fish the proper amount depending on how many fish you have, and how large your body of water is. Observing how they react when being fed will tell you a good deal about their health condition. Also, avoid over-feeding them because adding too much food to the system can degrade the water quality, and give rise to bacteria, aquatic weed problems such as pond weed, filamentous algae, and
other underwater aquatic plant growth; almost all water plants and weeds in your fish tank are undesirable.
Build a backyard aquaponic garden system
Aquaponic garden system without soil can be used to raise fish and plants at the same time. Raising fish in an aquaponic system produces bio-nutrients, or ammonia rich water, which is an ideal organic food source for plants grown in a soil-less environment. When aquaponic organic gardening for vegetables are done in conjunction with your aquaponic fish farming system your family can get a better tasting supply of organic fish and vegetables all year round.
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Source: WorldWide Aquaculture